A constructivist approach to the development of personal epistemic assumptions and worldviews

Research output: Indexed journal article Articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We discuss a constructivist model of epistemic development based on the notion of increased complexity. This model proposes that as cognitive complexity increases by means of cycles of validation and invalidation, personal epistemic assumptions shift from positivism to constructivism, and preferred worldviews shift from mechanism to organicism—as defined by Pepper's (1942) taxonomy of world hypotheses. We report two studies in which we found, as predicted, a significant relationship among overall cognitive complexity, constructivist epistemic assumptions, and an organicist worldview. However, our attempt to discriminate the effects of the two theoretical dimensions of cognitive complexity (differentiation and integration) was not successful. Our data also indicate a dichotomy of ways of knowing: One is characterized by cognitive simplicity, objectvist epistemic assumptions, and a mechanistic/formistic worldview; the other is characterized by cognitive complexity, constructivist epistemic assumptions, and an organicist/contextualist worldview.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Constructivist Psychology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Cognitive complexity
  • Constructivism
  • World view

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A constructivist approach to the development of personal epistemic assumptions and worldviews'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this