Validation of the Spanish Version of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale

Angelo Fasce, Diego Avendaño, Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Álex Escolà-Gascón

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Resum

Theorists acknowledge that conspiracy beliefs represent an established psychological construct. The study of conspiracy beliefs is important because allied ideation potentially influences everyday attitudes and behaviors across a range of domains (i.e., cognitive, social, cross-cultural, and political psychology). In this article, we analyze the internal structure and construct validity of the Spanish adaptation of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS). Correlational and confirmatory factor analyses using an international sample of 732 Spanish-speakers revealed a five-factor structure equivalent to the original instrument. Convergent validity was demonstrated using educational level, political orientation, need for uniqueness, and four social axioms (social cynicism, religiosity, reward for application, and fate control). In comparison to two English samples (N = 794 and N = 421), the adaptation demonstrated satisfactory, although restricted, levels of invariance. Accordingly, findings support the use of this translated form of the GCBS with Spanish speakers.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’articlee25
RevistaSpanish Journal of Psychology
Volum25
Número3
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 10 d’oct. 2022

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