Uncertainty in hourly mean data from classical magnetometers

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Hourly mean values obtained from analog magnetometers in what can be considered the “classical” period constitute the largest quantity of data we have on the evolution of the Earth’s magnetic field. They are used for a wide variety of applications such as estimating long-term solar–terrestrial interactions, the production of magnetic indices, or studying geomagnetic secular variation originated in the Earth’s core. However, these data do not have an associated uncertainty that would allow us to quantify the final uncertainty of the results of these models. Hence, our study tries to assess the degree of uncertainty that these data actually have. In this paper, using Ebro Observatory classical instrumentation, we work out these uncertainties by estimating the particular uncertainties of each significant variable involved in the measuring procedure. Although the study is implemented for Ebro, the method can be applied to any other observatory. We found that, in general, uncertainties vary from one magnetic component to another, depending on the nature of the instruments that were used. In each component, we identified the weakest points where the biggest part of the error resides. With our results we can state that total uncertainties ranged from 1 to 4 nT.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article139
RevistaEarth, Planets and Space
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de des. 2019


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