Toward a 3D cellular model for studying in vitro the outcome of photodynamic treatments: Accounting for the effects of tissue complexity

Mireia Alemany-Ribes, María García-Díaz, Marta Busom, Santi Nonell, Carlos E. Semino

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Resum

Clinical therapies have traditionally been developed using two-dimensional (2D) cell culture systems, which fail to accurately capture tissue complexity. Therefore, three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures are more attractive platforms to integrate multiple cues that arise from the extracellular matrix and cells, closer to an in vivo scenario. Here we report the development of a 3D cellular model for the in vitro assessment of the outcome of oxygen- and drug-dependent therapies, exemplified by photodynamic therapy (PDT). Using a synthetic self-assembling peptide as a cellular scaffold (RAD16-I), we were able to recreate the in vivo limitation of oxygen and drug diffusion and its biological effect, which is the development of cellular resistance to therapy. For the first time, the production and decay of the cytotoxic species singlet oxygen could be observed in a 3D cell culture. Results revealed that the intrinsic mechanism of action is maintained in both systems and, hence, the dynamic mass transfer effects accounted for the major differences in efficacy between the 2D and 3D models. We propose that this methodological approach will help to improve the efficacy of future oxygen- and drug-dependent therapies such as PDT.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)1665-1674
Nombre de pàgines10
RevistaTissue Engineering - Part A
Volum19
Número15-16
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 d’ag. 2013

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