Timing of Spot Sign Appearance, Spot Sign Volume, and Leakage Rate among Phases of Multiphase CTA Predict Intracerebral Hemorrhage Growth

MacKenzie Horn, Ericka Teleg, Koji Tanaka, Abdulaziz Al Sultan, Linda Kasickova, Tomoyuki Ohara, Piyush Ojha, Sanchea Wasyliw, Sina Marzoughi, Ankur Banerjee, Girish Kulkarni, Kennedy Horn, Amy Bobyn, Anneliese Neweduk, Nishita Singh, Wu Qiu, David Rodriguez-Luna, Dar Dowlatshahi, Mayank Goyal, Bijoy K. MenonAndrew M. Demchuk

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Resum

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The presence of spot sign is associated with a high risk of hematoma growth. Our aim was to investigate the timing of the appearance, volume, and leakage rate of the spot sign for predicting hematoma growth in acute intracerebral hemorrhage using multiphase CTA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, multiphase CTA in 3 phases was performed in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (defined as intraparenchymal 6 intraventricular hemorrhages). Phases of the spot sign first appearance, spot sign volumes (microliter), and leakage rates among phases (microliter/second) were measured. Associations between baseline clinical and imaging variables including spot sign volume parameters (volume and leakage rate divided by median) and hematoma growth (.6 mL) were investigated using regression models. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used as appropriate. RESULTS: Two hundred seventeen patients (131 men; median age, 70 years) were included. The spot sign was detected in 21.7%, 30.0%, and 29.0% in the first, second, and third phases, respectively, with median volumes of 19.7, 31.4, and 34.8 ml in these phases. Hematoma growth was seen in 44 patients (20.3%). By means of modeling, the following variables, namely the spot sign appearing in the first phase, first phase spot sign volume, spot sign appearing in the second or third phase, and spot sign positive and negative leakage rates, were associated with hematoma growth. Among patients with a spot sign, the absolute leakage rate accounting for both positive and negative leakage rates was also associated with hematoma growth (per 1-ml/s increase; OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.04–1.52). Other hematoma growth predictors were stroke history, baseline NIHSS score, onset-to-imaging time, and baseline hematoma volume (all P values, .05). CONCLUSIONS: The timing of the appearance of the spot sign, volume, and leakage rate were all associated with hematoma growth. Development of automated software to generate these spot sign volumetric parameters would be an important next step to maximize the potential of temporal intracerebral hemorrhage imaging such as multiphase CTA for identifying those most at risk of hematoma growth.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)693-700
Nombre de pàgines8
RevistaAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volum45
Número6
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de juny 2024
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