Tailored synthesis of nanostructured WC/a-C coatings by dual magnetron sputtering

M. D. Abad, M. A. Muñoz-Márquez, S. El Mrabet, A. Justo, J. C. Sánchez-López

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Resum

Nanostructured coatings with variable contents of tungsten carbide (WC) and amorphous carbon (a-C) are prepared by controlling the sputtering power ratio using WC and graphite targets. XRD and TEM/ED analysis shows that increasing the C incorporation, the WC nanocrystalline phases evolve from γ-W2C to β-WC1.x. Further C enrichment leads to a nanocomposite structure of small WC1-x crystals dispersed in a-C matrix. The a-C at.% is estimated by XPS analysis and correlated with the observed tribo-mechanical properties. The hardness and friction properties vary from hard/high friction (36-40GPa; μ=0.6-0.8) to moderate-hard/low friction (16-20GPa; μ~0.2) coatings depending on the film composition. The transition point is found for a-C content of 10at.%. This correlates with a change from nanocrystalline WC to nanocomposite WC1-x/a-C coatings. The overall study will help to understand the previous literature data and will serve as guide for a tailored synthesis of these WC/a-C nanocomposites.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)3490-3500
Nombre de pàgines11
RevistaSurface and Coatings Technology
Volum204
Número21-22
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - d’ag. 2010
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