Synthesis of allyl esters of fatty acids and their ovicidal effect on Cydia pomonella (L.)

Marc Escribà, Montserrat Barbut, Jordi Eras, Ramon Canela, Jesús Avilla, Mergè Balcells

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Eight allyl esters of fatty acids were synthesized in moderate to high yields with a novel two-step procedure using glycerol as a starting material. The two-step methodology avoids the use of allyl alcohol. The first step consisted of heating at 80 °C for 48 h a 2:1:5 mmol mixture of glycerol, a fatty acid, and chlorotrimethylsilane in a solvent-free medium. The crude compound was then dissolved in butanone and heated at 115 °C in the presence of Nal. A tandem Finkelstein rearrangement-elimination reaction occurs, producing the corresponding allyl ester. The activity of these esters against Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) eggs was tested in the laboratory by topical application of one 0.1 μL drop. All of the compounds showed a concentration-mortality response and caused 100% mortality at the highest concentration tested (10 mg/mL). There was an inverse relationship between the alkyl chain length and the ovicidal activity of the allyl ester; the LC50 and the LC90 of the two compounds that have the longer alkyl chains were significantly higher than those of the rest of the compounds. The ovicidal and IGR activities of this kind of compound appear to be unprecedented.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)4849-4853
Nombre de pàgines5
RevistaJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 10 de juny 2009
Publicat externament


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