Spontaneous systolic blood pressure drop early after mechanical thrombectomy predicts dramatic neurological recovery in ischaemic stroke patients

Mariana Carvalho Dias, Denis Gabriel, Marlene Saraiva, Daniel Campos, Manuel Requena, Álvaro García-Tornel, Marian Muchada, Sandra Boned, David Rodriguez-Luna, Noelia Rodriguez-Villatoro, Jorge Pagola, Jesus Juega, Matías Deck, Marc Ribo, Alejandro Tomasello, Carlos A. Molina, Marta Rubiera

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Resum

Introduction: Spontaneous blood pressure drop within the first 24 h has been reported following arterial recanalisation in ischaemic stroke patients. We aimed to assess if spontaneous blood pressure drop within the first hour after mechanical thrombectomy is a marker of early neurological recovery. Patients and methods: Retrospective observational single-centre study including ischaemic stroke patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy. Blood pressure parameters from admission, mechanical thrombectomy start, mechanical thrombectomy end and hourly within 24 h after mechanical thrombectomy were reviewed. Primary outcome was early dramatic neurological recovery (8-point-reduction in NIHSS or NIHSS ≤ 2 at 24 h). Secondary outcome was functional independence at 90 days (mRankin 0–2). Results: We included 458 patients in our analysis. Two-hundred (43.7%) patients achieved dramatic neurological recovery following mechanical thrombectomy. One hour after mechanical thrombectomy end, median systolic blood pressure was significantly different between outcome groups (129 vs. 138 mmHg, p = 0.005) and a higher drop in median systolic blood pressure was seen in the dramatic neurological recovery group (15 vs. 9 mmHg). Optimal cut-off for predicting dramatic neurological recovery was a systolic blood pressure drop of 10.5 mmHg (sensitivity 0.54, specificity 0.55, AUC 0.55). On multivariate analysis, spontaneous systolic blood pressure drop was associated with higher odds of achieving dramatic neurological recovery (OR for 10 mmHg blood pressure drop 1.14, 95% CI 1.01–1.29, p = 0.04). No significative association between any blood pressure parameter drop and functional independence at 90 days was found. Discussion: We hypothesised that spontaneous systolic blood pressure drop is a marker of successful reperfusion and, therefore, a marker of improvement of cerebral autoregulation due to the reduced final ischaemic core. Conclusion: Spontaneous systolic blood pressure drop after mechanical thrombectomy is an early predictor of dramatic neurological recovery.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)362-369
Nombre de pàgines8
RevistaEuropean Stroke Journal
Volum5
Número4
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de des. 2020
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