Hydrolysis of the amino groups in condensed 2,4-diaminopyrimidine systems (1) has been used as a common method for the synthesis of oxo-substituted pyrimidines. In particular, the treatment with 6 M HCl usually yields exclusively the 2-amino-4-oxopyrimidine isomer (2). During our work we found that the hydrolysis of the amino groups present in some condensed 2,4-diaminopyrimidine systems unexpectedly afforded exclusively the 4-amino-2-oxopyrimidine isomer (3). In this paper, we present the experimental work and ab initio calculations carried out to understand this discrepancy. As a part of such study, eight compounds containing a 2,4-diaminopyrimidine moiety were calculated in gas phase and in aqueous solution, and some acid hydrolyses were reexamined. Results showed that the presence, of an electron-donating nitrogen linked to C6 of the 2,4-diaminopyrimidine ring changes the preferred hydrolysis site to yield the 4-amino-2-oxopyrimidine isomer.