Restorative justice and mediation in penal matters in Europe: Spain: Restorative justice and mediation in penal matters in Europe

Esther Gimenez-Salinas Colomer, Samantha Salsench Linares, Lara Toro Lienas

Producció científica: Capítol de llibreCapítol

Resum

The present report shall commence with a reference to the Council of the European Union Framework Decision of 15 March 2001 on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings (2001/220/JHA) ¿substituted by the Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA¿, the reason being that Spain has not fulfilled the mandate included in Article 10 of the former, despite the implementation dates stipulated in Article 17 (in this case, 22 March 2006). To the contrary, Spain has adopted legislation, such as the Ley Orgánica 1/2004, de 28 de diciembre, de Medidas de Protección Integral contra la Violencia de Género (¿Law of protective measures against gender violence¿), that restricts the potential scope of application of the institution of penal mediation. Indeed, mediation is expressly prohibited in cases of gender violence that fall within the scope of the Ley Orgánica 1/2004. However, Spain had already promulgated certain restorative-oriented legislation. Most importantly, juvenile criminal legislation had already defined and regulated mediation, reparation and conciliation. Accordingly, a team of experts was in charge of the procedure of mediation. A positive outcome from the mediation procedure was to be assessed in light of the principle of opportunity (principio de oportunidad), which would enable the public prosecutor to refrain from initiating formal proceedings or the terminate proceedings that had already been initiated.
Idioma originalAnglès
Títol de la publicacióRestorative justice and mediation in penal matters in Europe
Pàgines855-890
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de des. 2014

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