Relationship between olive oil consumption and ankle-brachial pressure index in a population at high cardiovascular risk

Cristina Sánchez-Quesada, Estefanía Toledo, Guadalupe González-Mata, Maria Isabel Ramos-Ballesta, José Ignacio Peis, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Montserrat Fitó, Dora Romaguera, Jesús Vioque, Ángel M. Alonso-Gómez, Julia Wärnberg, J. Alfredo Martínez, Luís Serra-Majem, Ramon Estruch, Francisco J. Tinahones, José Lapetra, Xavier Pintó, Josep A. TurAntonio Garcia-Rios, Naomi Cano-Ibáñez, Pilar Matía-Martín, Lidia Daimiel, Rubén Sánchez-Rodríguez, Josep Vidal, Clotilde Vázquez, Emilio Ros, Pablo Hernández-Alonso, Rocío Barragan, Julia Muñoz-Martínez, Meritxell López, Sandra González-Palacios, Jessica Vaquero-Luna, Edelys Crespo-Oliva, M. Angeles Zulet, Vanessa Díaz-González, Rosa Casas, José Carlos Fernandez-Garcia, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Ana Galera, Tomás Ripoll-Vera, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Silvia Canudas, Raul Martinez-Lacruz, Karla Alejandra Pérez-Vega, Ángel Rios, Rosario Lloret-Macián, Anai Moreno-Rodriguez, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Nancy Babio, Maria Dolores Zomeño Fajardo, José J. Gaforio

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Background and aims: The aim of this study was to ascertain the association between the consumption of different categories of edible olive oils (virgin olive oils and olive oil) and olive pomace oil and ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) in participants in the PREDIMED-Plus study, a trial of lifestyle modification for weight and cardiovascular event reduction in individuals with overweight/obesity harboring the metabolic syndrome. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the PREDIMED-Plus trial. Consumption of any category of olive oil and olive pomace oil was assessed through a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression models were fitted to assess associations between olive oil consumption and ABI. Additionally, ABI ≤1 was considered as the outcome in logistic models with different categories of olive oil and olive pomace oil as exposure. Results: Among 4330 participants, the highest quintile of total olive oil consumption (sum of all categories of olive oil and olive pomace oil) was associated with higher mean values of ABI (beta coefficient: 0.014, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.002, 0.027) (p for trend = 0.010). Logistic models comparing the consumption of different categories of olive oils, olive pomace oil and ABI ≤1 values revealed an inverse association between virgin olive oils consumption and the likelihood of a low ABI (odds ratio [OR] 0.73, 95% CI [0.56, 0.97]), while consumption of olive pomace oil was positively associated with a low ABI (OR 1.22 95% CI [1.00, 1.48]). Conclusions: In a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk, total olive oil consumption was associated with a higher mean ABI. These results suggest that olive oil consumption may be beneficial for peripheral artery disease prevention, but longitudinal studies are needed.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)48-57
Nombre de pàgines10
RevistaAtherosclerosis
Volum314
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de des. 2020
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