Quality of recommendations on health-enhancing physical activity in the press. Content analysis of five Spanish newspapers

Juanjo Garcia-Gil, Sergi Cortinas-Rovira

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

1 Citació (Web of Science)


Introduction: The pandemic of physical inactivity causes millions of early deaths globally. However, inactivity can be reversed if more and better information is made available. While the number of news stories on health and health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) has increased globally and also in Spain, various studies show that the quality of these articles is often questionable.

Methodology: Content analysis was used to analyze twelve quality variables from the scientific and media perspectives and five variables about the themes in news stories on HEPA published in five Spanish general-interest newspapers in the years 2013 and 2014: El Pais; El Mundo; La Vanguardia; ABC; and El Periodico.

Results: The average score of quality of news stories (n = 100) is 6.3 (s = 1.9) on a scale from 0 to 10. The percentages of satisfactory quality variables are: medicalization (96%); objectivity (94%); sources (80%); context (62%); credibility (61%); availability (54%); novelty (52%); truthfulness (43%); alternatives (26%); emotion (20%); accessible language (19%); and magnitude (19%).

Conclusions: The average quality of the newspaper articles on HEPA is intermediate. Further work is required, particularly regarding the following variables: alternatives; emotion; accessible language; and magnitude. Suggestions to improve journalistic practice and scientific dissemination (sources) are accordingly included. (c) 2017 Consell Catal` a de l'Esport. Generalitat de Catalunya. Published by Elsevier Espana, S. L. U. All rights reserved.
Títol traduït de la contribucióCalidad de las recomendaciones sobre actividad física saludable en la prensa. Análisis del contenido de cinco periódicos españoles
Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)113-122
Nombre de pàgines10
RevistaApunts. Medicina de l'esport
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2018


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