Pulmonary rehabilitation in sarcoidosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Xavier Alsina-Restoy, Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Estrella Caballería, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Lilian Solis-Navarro, Joel Francesqui, Fernanda Hernández-Gonzalez, Manel Ramos-Casals, Isabel Blanco, Jacobo Sellarés

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Background: Exercise intolerance, muscle weakness, dyspnoea, and fatigue are frequent complications in symptomatic sarcoidosis patients. Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity, symptoms, and quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Our objective was to systematically determine the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with sarcoidosis. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in seven databases. Studies that applied pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with sarcoidosis were reviewed. Two independent reviewers analysed the studies, extracted the data and assessed the quality of evidence. Results: Of the 406 reports returned by the initial search, five articles reporting on 184 patients were included in the data synthesis. Two studies included multi-component exercise, one inspiratory muscle training, one a physical activity incentivisation programme, and one a telerehabilitation program. In the intervention group (IG), we found significant improvement in exercise capacity (SMD 1.65, 95%CI 0.45, 2.86 points, p = 0.006). If we only analyse the studies that performed the 6-min walking test, the IG walked 40.3 (CI95% 20.3, 60.2) m higher than the control group (CG) (p < 0.001). Additionally, dyspnoea score was reduced (MD -0.42 95%CI -0.75, −0.10, p = 0.002). However, fatigue, quality of life and pulmonary function did not show any change. Conclusion: Pulmonary rehabilitation could improve exercise capacity and dyspnoea perception in patients with sarcoidosis.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article107432
RevistaRespiratory Medicine
Volum219
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de nov. 2023
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