PRERISK: A Personalized, Artificial Intelligence-Based and Statistically-Based Stroke Recurrence Predictor for Recurrent Stroke

Giorgio Colangelo, Marc Ribo, Estefanía Montiel, Didier Dominguez, Marta Olivé-Gadea, Marian Muchada, Álvaro Garcia-Tornel, Manuel Requena, Jorge Pagola, Jesús Juega, David Rodriguez-Luna, Noelia Rodriguez-Villatoro, Federica Rizzo, Belén Taborda, Carlos A. Molina, Marta Rubiera

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

Resum

BACKGROUND: Predicting stroke recurrence for individual patients is difficult, but individualized prediction may improve stroke survivors' engagement in self-care. We developed PRERISK: a statistical and machine learning classifier to predict individual risk of stroke recurrence. METHODS: We analyzed clinical and socioeconomic data from a prospectively collected public health care-based data set of 41 975 patients admitted with stroke diagnosis in 88 public health centers over 6 years (2014-2020) in Catalonia-Spain. A new stroke diagnosis at least 24 hours after the index event was considered as a recurrent stroke, which was considered as our outcome of interest. We trained several supervised machine learning models to provide individualized risk over time and compared them with a Cox regression model. Models were trained to predict early, late, and long-term recurrence risk, within 90, 91 to 365, and >365 days, respectively. C statistics and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were used to assess the accuracy of the models. RESULTS: Overall, 16.21% (5932 of 36 114) of patients had stroke recurrence during a median follow-up of 2.69 years. The most powerful predictors of stroke recurrence were time from previous stroke, Barthel Index, atrial fibrillation, dyslipidemia, age, diabetes, and sex, which were used to create a simplified model with similar performance, together with modifiable vascular risk factors (glycemia, body mass index, high blood pressure, cholesterol, tobacco dependence, and alcohol abuse). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.76 (95% CI, 0.74-0.77), 0.60 (95% CI, 0.58-0.61), and 0.71 (95% CI, 0.69-0.72) for early, late, and long-term recurrence risk, respectively. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the Cox risk class probability were 0.73 (95% CI, 0.72-0.75), 0.59 (95% CI, 0.57-0.61), and 0.67 (95% CI, 0.66-0.70); machine learning approaches (random forest and AdaBoost) showed statistically significant improvement (P<0.05) over the Cox model for the 3 recurrence time periods. Stroke recurrence curves can be simulated for each patient under different degrees of control of modifiable factors. CONCLUSIONS: PRERISK is a novel approach that provides a personalized and fairly accurate risk prediction of stroke recurrence over time. The model has the potential to incorporate dynamic control of risk factors.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)1200-1209
Nombre de pàgines10
RevistaStroke
Volum55
Número5
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de maig 2024
Publicat externament

Fingerprint

Navegar pels temes de recerca de 'PRERISK: A Personalized, Artificial Intelligence-Based and Statistically-Based Stroke Recurrence Predictor for Recurrent Stroke'. Junts formen un fingerprint únic.

Com citar-ho