Physical fitness levels of physically active and sedentary adults with down syndrome

Myriam Guerra Balic, Eufemia Cuadrado Mateos, Carolina Geronimo Blasco, Bo Fernhall

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    43 Cites (Scopus)


    The purpose was to compare physical fitness of two groups of adults with Down syndrome, one active group of Special Olympians (9 males, 4 females), and one sedentary group (5 males, and 2 females). The active group had trained for an average of 4.9 hr per week for a minimum of 1 year for Special Olympics competitions. Participants underwent laboratory testing, including (a) treadmill test to determine peak oxygen uptake; (b) isometric strength tests of handgrip, lower back, and quadriceps; (c) explosive power; and (d) body composition. Peak oxygen consumption and muscle strength were significantly greater in the active group. Although crossectional, these findings suggest that long term exercise training, at a greater than previously reported weekly training load, may enhance physical fitness in individuals with Down syndrome.

    Idioma originalAnglès
    Pàgines (de-a)310-321
    Nombre de pàgines12
    RevistaAdapted Physical Activity Quarterly
    Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2000


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