Out of the dark: How the PIFs are unmasking a dual temporal mechanism of phytochrome signalling

Elena Monte, Bassem Al-Sady, Pablo Leivar, Peter H. Quail

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticle de revisió (sistemàtica)Avaluat per experts

59 Cites (Scopus)


Following light-induced nuclear translocation, the phytochromes induce changes in gene expression to regulate plant development. PIF3 and other PIFs (phytochrome-interacting factors), members of the bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) family of transcriptional regulators, interact specifically with the active Pfr conformer of the phytochrome molecule, suggesting that the PIFs are key components of phytochrome signal transduction. The mechanism by which the PIFs transduce phytochrome signals is not understood. After initial studies that suggested that PIF3 was a positive regulator of phytochrome signalling, mutant studies indicated that the PIFs primarily act as negative regulators in the pathway. Furthermore, in some cases they accumulate in the dark and are degraded upon illumination by the ubiquitin-26S proteasome system. At least for PIF3, the protein degradation depends on direct interaction with the phytochrome molecule and is preceded by protein phosphorylation. In this review, the current understanding of the role of the PIFs in phytochrome-mediated photomorphogenesis will be summarized, and recent findings suggesting an unanticipated dual mechanism of action of the PIFs will be discussed.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)3125-3133
Nombre de pàgines9
RevistaJournal of Experimental Botany
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - d’oct. 2007
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