Optimal settings for childbirth

Nicoletta Setola, Laura Iannuzzi, Marco Santini, Grazia G. Cocina, Eletta Naldi, Lucia Branchini, Sandra Morano, Ramon Escuriet Peiró, Soo Downe

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticle de revisió (sistemàtica)Avaluat per experts

9 Cites (Scopus)


Many studies highlight how health is influenced by the settings in which people live, work, and receive health care. In particular, the setting in which childbirth takes place is highly influential. The physiological processes of women's labor and birth are enhanced in optimal ("salutogenic," or health promoting) environments. Settings can also make a difference in the way maternity staff practice. This paper focuses on how positive examples of Italian birth places incorporate principles of healthy settings. The "Margherita" Birth center in Florence and the Maternity Home "il Nido" in Bologna were purposively selected as cases where the physical-environmental setting seemed to reflect an embedded model of care that promotes health in the context of childbirth. Narrative accounts of the project design were collected from lead professional and direct inspections performed to elicit the key salutogenic components of the physical layout. Comparisons between cases with a standard hospital labor ward layout were performed. Cross-case similarities emerged. The physical characteristics mostly related to optimal settings were a result of collaborative design decisions with stakeholders and users, and the resulting local intention to maximize safe physiological birth, psychosocial wellbeing, facilitate movement and relaxation, prioritize space for privacy, intimacy, and favor human contact and relationships. The key elements identified in this paper have the potential to inform further investigations for the design or renovation of all birth places (including hospitals) in order to optimize the salutogenic component of any setting in any country.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)687-699
Nombre de pàgines13
RevistaMinerva Ginecologica
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de des. 2018
Publicat externament


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