Neighbourhood social capital and obesity: a systematic review of the literature

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Resum

Social capital, defined as the resources accessed by individuals and groups through social connections, has been posited to be a social determinant of obesity. However, empirical evidence for this association has been inconsistent – namely, some studies have found a protective association while others have reported no correlation. We sought to conduct a systematic review on the relation between neighbourhood social capital and obesity, considering potential differences on the results based on the measures used and the covariates and mediators included in the studies. PRISMA statement guidelines were followed. Our results indicate that an association between neighbourhood social capital and obesity exists, but that it depends on the measures and covariates used in the study design. Understanding the role of social capital in the development and/or maintenance of obesity will require the use of strong methodological designs and a thorough conceptualization of how this relationship may arise.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)119-141
Nombre de pàgines23
RevistaObesity Reviews
Volum20
Número1
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de gen. 2019

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