Multivalent dendrimers presenting spatially controlled clusters of binding epitopes in thermoresponsive hyaluronan hydrogels

Ryan J. Seelbach, Peter Fransen, Marianna Peroglio, Daniel Pulido, Patricia Lopez-Chicon, Fabian Duttenhoefer, Sebastian Sauerbier, Thomas Freiman, Philipp Niemeyer, Carlos Semino, Fernando Albericio, Mauro Alini, Miriam Royo, Alvaro Mata, David Eglin

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The controlled presentation of biofunctionality is of key importance for hydrogel applications in cell-based regenerative medicine. Here, a versatile approach was demonstrated to present clustered binding epitopes in an injectable, thermoresponsive hydrogel. Well-defined multivalent dendrimers bearing four integrin binding sequences and an azido moiety were covalently grafted to propargylamine-derived hyaluronic acid (Hyal-pa) using copper-catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition (CuAAC), and then combined with pN-modified hyaluronan (Hyal-pN). The dendrimers were prepared by synthesizing a bifunctional diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid core with azido and NHBoc oligo(ethylene glycol) aminoethyl branches, then further conjugated with solid-phase synthesized RGDS and DGRS peptides. Azido terminated pN was synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization and reacted to Hyal-pa via CuAAC. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), high performance liquid chromatography, size exclusion chromatography and mass spectroscopy proved that the dendrimers had well-defined size and were disubstituted. NMR and atomic absorption analysis confirmed the hyaluronan was affixed with dendrimers or pN. Rheological measurements demonstrated that dendrimers do not influence the elastic or viscous moduli of thermoresponsive hyaluronan compositions at a relevant biological concentration. Finally, human mesenchymal stromal cells were encapsulated in the biomaterial and cultured for 21 days, demonstrating the faculty of this dendrimer-modified hydrogel as a molecular toolbox for tailoring the biofunctionality of thermoresponsive hyaluronan carriers for biomedical applications.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)4340-4350
Nombre de pàgines11
RevistaActa Biomaterialia
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 d’oct. 2014


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