Motor imagery classification based on a recurrent-convolutional architecture to control a hexapod robot

Tat’Y Mwata-Velu, Jose Ruiz-Pinales, Horacio Rostro-Gonzalez, Mario Alberto Ibarra-Manzano, Jorge Mario Cruz-Duarte, Juan Gabriel Avina-Cervantes

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14 Cites (Scopus)

Resum

Advances in the field of Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) aim, among other applications, to improve the movement capacities of people suffering from the loss of motor skills. The main challenge in this area is to achieve real-time and accurate bio-signal processing for pattern recognition, especially in Motor Imagery (MI). The significant interaction between brain signals and controllable machines requires instantaneous brain data decoding. In this study, an embedded BCI system based on fist MI signals is developed. It uses an Emotiv EPOC+ Brainwear®, an Altera SoCKit® development board, and a hexapod robot for testing locomotion imagery commands. The system is tested to detect the imagined movements of closing and opening the left and right hand to control the robot locomotion. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals associated with the motion tasks are sensed on the human sensorimotor cortex. Next, the SoCKit processes the data to identify the commands allowing the controlled robot locomotion. The classification of MI-EEG signals from the F3, F4, FC5, and FC6 sensors is performed using a hybrid architecture of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks. This method takes advantage of the deep learning recognition model to develop a real-time embedded BCI system, where signal processing must be seamless and precise. The proposed method is evaluated using k-fold cross-validation on both created and public Scientific-Data datasets. Our dataset is comprised of 2400 trials obtained from four test subjects, lasting three seconds of closing and opening fist movement imagination. The recognition tasks reach 84.69% and 79.2% accuracy using our data and a state-of-the-art dataset, respectively. Numerical results support that the motor imagery EEG signals can be successfully applied in BCI systems to control mobile robots and related applications such as intelligent vehicles.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article606
RevistaMathematics
Volum9
Número6
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2 de març 2021
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