Monocyte-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Clot Analysis as a Marker of Cardioembolic Stroke Etiology

on behalf of the ITACAT study group

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The aim of the study was to find markers of high-risk cardioembolic etiology (HRCE) in patients with cryptogenic strokes (CS) through the analysis of intracranial clot by flow cytometry (FC). A prospective single-center study was designed including patients with large vessel occlusion strokes. The percentage of granulocytes, monocytes, lymphocytes, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLr) were analyzed in clots extracted after endovascular treatment (EVT) and in peripheral blood. Large arterial atherosclerosis (LAA) strokes and high-risk cardioembolic (HRCE) strokes were matched by demographics and acute reperfusion treatment data to obtain FC predictors for HRCE. Multilevel decision tree with boosting random forest classifiers was performed with each feature importance for HRCE diagnosis among CS. We tested the validity of the best FC predictor in a cohort of CS that underwent extensive diagnostic workup. Among 211 patients, 178 cases underwent per-protocol workup. The percentage of monocytes (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.01–1.11) and MLr (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.12–2.98) independently predicted HRCE diagnosis when LAA clots (n = 28) were matched with HRCE clots (n = 28). Among CS (n = 82), MLr was the feature with the highest weighted importance in the multilevel decision tree as a predictor for HRCE. MLr cutoff point of 1.59 yield sensitivity of 91.23%, specificity of 44%, positive predictive value of 78.79%, and negative predictive value of 68.75 for HRCE diagnosis among CS. MLr ≥ 1.6 in clot analysis predicted HRCE diagnosis (OR, 6.63, 95% CI 1.85–23.71) in a multivariate model adjusted for age. Clot analysis by FC revealed high levels of monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio as an independent marker of cardioembolic etiology in cryptogenic strokes.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)949-958
Nombre de pàgines10
RevistaTranslational Stroke Research
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de des. 2022
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