Longitudinal cognitive trajectories and associated clinical variables in youth with bipolar disorder

Álvaro Frías, Daniel P. Dickstein, John Merranko, Mary Kay Gill, Tina R. Goldstein, Benjamin I. Goldstein, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Danella M. Hafeman, Fangzi Liao, Rasim Diler, David Axelson, Michael Strober, Jeffrey I. Hunt, Neal D. Ryan, Martin B. Keller, Boris Birmaher

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Objective: There is substantial interest in delineating the course of cognitive functioning in bipolar (BP) youth. However, there are no longitudinal studies aimed at defining subgroups of BP youth based on their distinctive cognitive trajectories and their associated clinical variables. Method: Cognitive functioning was measured in 135 participants from the Course and Outcome of BP Youth (COBY) study using several subtests of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). Youth were prospectively evaluated three times on average every 13.75 months over 2.5 years. Clinical and functional outcomes were assessed using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-Up Evaluation (LIFE). Results: Latent class growth analysis identified three longitudinal patterns of cognitive functioning based on a general cognitive index: class 1, “persistently high” (N=21; 15.6%); class 2, “persistently moderate” (N=82; 60.74%); and class 3, “persistently low” (N=32; 23.7%). All classes showed normal cognitive functioning when compared with the CANTAB normative data. After adjustment for confounders, youth from class 3 had a significantly greater percentage of time with overall, manic, and depressive syndromal symptoms than youth in the other two classes. Also, after adjustment for confounders, youth from class 3 had significantly poorer global, academic, and social functioning than youth from class 1. Conclusions: BP youth showed normal overall cognitive functioning that remained stable during the follow-up within each class. However, 24% of BP youth showed poorer cognitive functioning than the other BP youth. This subgroup had poorer mood course and functioning, and may benefit from cognitive remediation and early management with evidence-based pharmacological treatments.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)273-284
Nombre de pàgines12
RevistaBipolar Disorders
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de juny 2017
Publicat externament


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