Lipophilic antioxidants in patients with phenylketonuria

Catrina Colomé, Rafael Artuch, Maria Antònia Vilaseca, Cristina Sierra, Núria Brandi, Nilo Lambruschini, Francisco J. Cambra, Jaume Campistol

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

57 Cites (Scopus)


Background: Low serum ubiquinone-10 concentrations have been described in phenylketonuric patients fed natural-protein- restricted diets. Such low concentrations may be related to increased free radical damage. Objective: We evaluated the relation between low serum ubiquinone-10 concentrations and other lipophilic antioxidants (tocopherol and retinol), selenium, glutathione peroxidase activity, and malondialdehyde concentrations as a marker of lipid peroxidation. Design: This was a cross-sectional study of 58 patients with phenylketonuria (aged 2-36 y; median: 13 y) under dietary treatment, 58 age-matched control subjects, and 30 children with moderate hyperphenylalaninemia fed unrestricted diets (aged 3-17 y; median: 7.5 y). Serum ubiquinone-10 concentrations were analyzed by HPLC with electrochemical detection. Serum retinol, serum tocopherol, and plasma malondialdehyde were analyzed by HPLC with ultraviolet detection. Results: A significant positive correlation was observed between ubiquinone-10 and tocopherol (r = 0.510, P < 0.001) in the patients with phenylketonuria. After the patients were stratified into 2 groups according to ubiquinone-10 values, significantly lower concentrations of tocopherol were observed in group 1 (low ubiquinone values) than in group 2 (normal ubiquinone values), the hyperphenylalaninemic children, and the control group. Plasma malondialdehyde concentrations were significantly higher in group I than in the other groups. No significant differences between groups 1 and 2 were observed in daily intakes of selenium, ascorbate, tocopherol, or retinol. Conclusions: Plasma lipid peroxidation seems to be increased in phenylketonuria. Low concentrations of ubiquinone-10 could be associated with either excessive tocopherol consumption or high malondialdehyde concentrations in patients with phenylketonuria.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)185-188
Nombre de pàgines4
RevistaAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de gen. 2003
Publicat externament


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