Intracranial artery calcifications profile as a predictor of recanalization failure in endovascular stroke treatment

Marc Rodrigo-Gisbert, Manuel Requena, Marta Rubiera, Jane Khalife, Prudencio Lozano, Marta De Dios Lascuevas, Álvaro García-Tornel, Marta Olivé-Gadea, Carlos Piñana, Federica Rizzo, Sandra Boned, Marian Muchada, Noelia Rodríguez-Villatoro, David Rodríguez-Luna, Jesús Juega, Jorge Pagola, David Hernández, Carlos A. Molina, Alejandro Tomasello, Marc Ribo

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Background: Acute ischemic stroke with large or medium-vessel occlusion associated with intracranial artery calcification (IAC) is an infrequent phenomenon presumably associated with intracranial atherosclerotic disease. We aimed to characterize IAC and its impact on endovascular treatment outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of consecutive patients with stroke treated with thrombectomy from January 2020 to July 2021 in our institution. We described IAC findings (length, density, and location pattern) on baseline noncontrast computed tomography. Patients were divided into 3 groups: IAC related to the occlusion location (symptomatic-IAC group), unrelated to the occlusion (asymptomatic-IAC group), and absence of any IAC (non-IAC group). We analyzed the association between the IAC profile and outcomes using logistic regression models. Intracranial angioplasty and stenting were considered rescue treatments. Results: Of the 393 patients included, 26 (6.6%) patients presented a symptomatic-IAC, 77 (19.6%) patients an asymptomatic-IAC, and in 290 (73.8%) patients no IAC was observed. The rate of failed recanalization (expanded Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 0-2a) before rescue treatment was higher in symptomatic-IAC (65.4%) than in asymptomatic-IAC (15.6%; P<0.001) or non-IAC (13.4%; P<0.001). Rescue procedures were more frequently performed in symptomatic-IAC (26.9%) than in asymptomatic-IAC (1.3%; P<0.001) and non-IAC (4.1%; P<0.001). After adjusting for identifiable clinical and radiological confounders, symptomatic-IAC emerged as an independent predictor of failed recanalization (odds ratio, 11.89 [95% CI, 3.94-35.91]; P<0.001), adoption of rescue procedures (odds ratio, 12.38 [95% CI, 2.22-69.09]; P=0.004), and poor functional outcome (90-day modified Rankin Scale score ≥3; odds ratio, 3.51 [95% CI, 1.02-12.00]; P=0.046). Conclusions: The presence of IAC related to the occlusion location is associated with worse angiographic and functional outcomes. Therefore, identification of symptomatic-IAC on baseline imaging may guide optimal endovascular treatment strategy, predicting the need for intracranial stenting and angioplasty.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article103763
Pàgines (de-a)430-438
Nombre de pàgines9
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de febr. 2023


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