Intraamniotic sealing of fetoscopic membrane defects in ex vivo and in vivo sheep models using an integrated semirigid bioadhesive patch

Talita Micheletti, Elisenda Eixarch, Germán Febas, Sergio Berdun, Johanna Parra, Albert Hernansanz, Salvador Borrós, Eduard Gratacos

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Resum

BACKGROUND: Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes is the most frequent complication of fetoscopic surgery. Strategies to seal the membrane defect created by fetoscopy have been attempted with little success. We previously developed an integrated semirigid bioadhesive patch composed of silicone and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose that achieved ex vivo sealing of membrane defects. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of the insertion of our integrated semirigid bioadhesive patches using a fetoscopic technique and to test the adhesion in ex vivo human membranes and in an in vivo ovine model. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study involving 2 experiments: (1) ex vivo—human fetal membranes were mounted in a custom-designed model with saline solution simulating intraamniotic pressure. The insertion of 2 different bioadhesive patches made of silicone-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and silicone-polyurethane-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose was performed through a 12-Fr cannula mimicking fetoscopic surgery technique. The experiment was repeated 10 times with membranes from different donors. Measures included insertion time, successful insertion, and adhesion at 5 minutes; (2) in vivo—16 patches of silicone-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose were inserted by fetoscopy in the amniotic cavity of pregnant sheep (4 bioadhesives per animal, in 4 ewes). Measures included successful insertion, adhesion at 5 minutes, and adhesion at the end of surgery. RESULTS: In the ex vivo insertion study, there was no difference in the insertion time between silicone-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and silicone-polyurethane-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose patches (P=.49). Insertion was successful in all cases, but complete adhesion at 5 minutes was superior for silicone-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (P=.02). In the in vivo study, insertion of silicone-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose by fetoscopy was feasible and successful in all cases, and no complications were reported. Adhesion persisted at 5 minutes and at the end of the surgery in 68.8% and 56.3% of the patches, respectively. CONCLUSION: We describe the feasibility of deploying through a fetoscopic trocar a semirigid silicone-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose patch that seals fetal membranes after an invasive fetal procedure. The results warrant further research for improving long-term adhesion and developing a clinically applicable system.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article100593
RevistaAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology MFM
Volum4
Número3
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de maig 2022

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