Intake of fried foods is associated with obesity in the cohort of Spanish adults from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Nélida Schmid Fornés, José R. Banegas, Pilar Amiano Etxezarreta, Eva Ardanaz, Aurelio Barricarte, María Dolores Chirlaque, Miren Dorronsoro Iraeta, Nerea Larrañaga Larrañaga, Adamina Losada, Michelle Mendez, Carmen Martínez, José R. Quirós, Carmen Navarro, Paula Jakszyn, María J. Sánchez, María J. Tormo, Carlos A. González

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Resum

Background: Consumption of fried food has been suggested to promote obesity, but this association has seldom been studied. Objective: We aimed to assess the association of energy intake from fried food with general and central obesity in Spain, a Mediterranean country where frying with oil is a traditional cooking procedure. Design: This was a cross-sectional study of 33 542 Spanish persons aged 29-69 y who were participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition between 1992 and 1996. Dietary intake was assessed by a diet history questionnaire. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained interviewers. Analyses were performed with logistic regression and were adjusted for total energy intake and other confounders. Results: The prevalence of general obesity [body mass index (in kg/m2) ≥ 30] was 27.6% in men and 27.7% in women. Respective figures for central obesity (waist circumference ≥ 102 cm in men and ≥ 88 cm in women) were 34.5% and 42.6%. The average proportion of energy intake from fried food was 15.6% in men and 12.6% in women. The adjusted odds ratios for general obesity in the highest versus the lowest quintile of fried food intake were 1.26 (95% CI: 1.09, 1.45; P for trend < 0.001) in men and 1.25 (1.11, 1.41; P for trend < 0.001) in women. The corresponding values for central obesity were 1.17 (1.02, 1.34; P for trend < 0.003) in men and 1.27 (1.13, 1.42; P for trend < 0.001) in women. Conclusion: Fried food was positively associated with general and central obesity only among subjects in the highest quintile of energy intake from fried food.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)198-205
Nombre de pàgines8
RevistaAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volum86
Número1
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de jul. 2007
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