Gold(I)-catalyzed reactions of 1-(ortho-alkynylaryl)ureas: Highly selective heterocyclization and synthesis of mixed N,O-acetals

Ana Gimeno, Ana B. Cuenca, Mercedes Medio-SimÓn, Gregorio Asensio

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Resum

Readily available 1-(ortho-ethynylaryl)urea derivatives undergo a selective gold/silver {[AuCl(IPr)]/AgSbF6} catalyzed N-6-exo-dig or N-5- endo-dig heterocyclization process in dimethylform-amide (DMF) at 60 8C. Benzoxazine derivatives, i.e., the products of O-6-exo-dig ring closure through the urea oxygen, could be observed under catalytic conditions only when the N-3 basicity was substantially diminished, but were readily isolable in stoichiometric processes carried out at low temperature. The open chain amino O,O-acetals and a series of new cyclic mixed N,O-acetals containing the trifluoroethyl group were synthesized when the reactions were performed in ethanol or trifluoro-ethanol, respectively, as solvent. The procedure allows for an easy access to this versatile class of key intermediates in organic synthesis from simple starting materials. The effect of using either DMF or protic solvents on the course of the reactions is reported.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)229-236
Nombre de pàgines8
RevistaAdvanced Synthesis and Catalysis
Volum356
Número1
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2014
Publicat externament

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