Free-space entangled quantum carpets

Mariana R. Barros, Andreas Ketterer, Osvaldo Jiménez Farías, Stephen P. Walborn

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11 Cites (Scopus)


The Talbot effect in quantum physics is known to produce intricate patterns in the probability distribution of a particle, known as "quantum carpets," corresponding to the revival and replication of the initial wave function. Recently, it was shown that one can encode a D-level qudit in such a way that the Talbot effect can be used to process the D-dimensional quantum information [Farías, Phys. Rev. A 91, 062328 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.062328]. Here we introduce a scheme to produce free-propagating "entangled quantum carpets" with pairs of photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion. First we introduce an optical device that can be used to synthesize arbitrary superposition states of Talbot qudits. Sending spatially entangled photon pairs through a pair of these devices produces an entangled pair of qudits. As an application, we show how the Talbot effect can be used to test a D-dimensional Bell inequality. Numerical simulations show that violation of the Bell inequality depends strongly on the amount of spatial correlation in the initial two-photon state. We briefly discuss how our optical scheme might be adapted to matter wave experiments.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article042311
RevistaPhysical Review A
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 10 d’abr. 2017
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