Factibilidad y efectos de la prehabilitación en cirugía cardiaca. Estudio preliminar

A. López-Hernández, M. J. Arguis, E. Gimeno-Santos, R. Navarro, M. Coca-Martínez, G. Martínez-Pallí

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Prehabilitation programs that combine exercise training, nutritional support, and emotional reinforcement have demonstrated efficacy as a strategy for preoperative optimization in abdominal surgery. The experience in cardiac surgery, one of those associated with greater morbidity and mortality, is anecdotal. Objective: Evaluation of the feasibility of a multimodal prehabilitation program and its effect on functional capacity in patients candidates for elective cardiac surgery. Methods: Pilot study conducted from July 2017 to June 2018 in patients candidates to myocardial revascularization and/or valve replacement. The program consisted of: 1) supervised exercise training program, 2) breathing incentive exercises, 3) nutritional support, and 4) mindfulness training. An evaluation was carried out prior to the start of the program and at the end of it (preoperatively). Results: All patients except one who refused surgery, completed the program, which lasted an average of 45 days. No patients presented complications related to the program. The program induced a significantly increase in functional capacity measured by the six-minute walking test (510.7 +62 m vs 534.3 + 71 m, P = .007) and the chair test (13.2 + 4, 7 vs 16.4 + 7 repetitions, P = .02), as well as an increase in the level of physical activity measured by the Yale physical activity questionnaire (37.6 + 20 vs 54.2 + 27; P = 00029). Conclusions: Multimodal prehabilitation in patients candidates for elective cardiac surgery is feasible and it increases functional capacity preoperatively without being associated with complications. The presumed beneficial impact of this improvement on the incidence of postoperative complications and hospital stay, requires further investigation.

Títol traduït de la contribucióFeasibility and effects of prehabilitation in cardiac surgery. Preliminary study
Idioma originalCastellà
RevistaRevista Espanola de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion
Estat de la publicacióAcceptada/en premsa - 2022
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