Dietary polyphenol intake is associated with HDL-cholesterol and a better profile of other components of the metabolic syndrome: A PREDIMED-plus sub-study

Sara Castro-Barquero, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Facundo Vitelli-Storelli, Mónica Doménech, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Vicente Martín-Sánchez, María Rubín-García, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Montserrat Fitó, Dora Romaguera, Jesús Vioque, Ángel María Alonso-Gómez, Julia Wärnberg, José Alfredo Martínez, Luís Serra-Majem, Francisco José Tinahones, José Lapetra, Xavier Pintó, Josep Antonio TurAntonio Garcia-Rios, Laura García-Molina, Miguel Delgado-Rodriguez, Pilar Matía-Martín, Lidia Daimiel, Josep Vidal, Clotilde Vázquez, Montserrat Cofán, Andrea Romanos-Nanclares, Nerea Becerra-Tomas, Rocio Barragan, Olga Castañer, Jadwiga Konieczna, Sandra González-Palacios, Carolina Sorto-Sánchez, Jessica Pérez-López, María Angeles Zulet, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Rosa Casas, Ana María Gómez-Perez, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, María Ángeles Rodríguez-Sanchez, Alicia Julibert, Nerea Martín-Calvo, Pablo Hernández-Alonso, José V. Sorlí, Albert Sanllorente, Aina María Galmés-Panadés, Eugenio Cases-Pérez, Leire Goicolea-Güemez, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Nancy Babio, Álvaro Hernáez, Rosa María Lamuela-Raventós, Ramon Estruch

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Resum

Dietary polyphenol intake is associated with improvement of metabolic disturbances. The aims of the present study are to describe dietary polyphenol intake in a population with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to examine the association between polyphenol intake and the components of MetS. This cross-sectional analysis involved 6633 men and women included in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterranea-Plus) study. The polyphenol content of foods was estimated from the Phenol-Explorer 3.6 database. The mean of total polyphenol intake was 846 ± 318 mg/day. Except for stilbenes, women had higher polyphenol intake than men. Total polyphenol intake was higher in older participants (>70 years of age) compared to their younger counterparts. Participants with body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m2 reported lower total polyphenol, flavonoid, and stilbene intake than those with lower BMI. Total polyphenol intake was not associated with a better profile concerning MetS components, except for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), although stilbenes, lignans, and other polyphenols showed an inverse association with blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, and triglycerides. A direct association with HDL-c was found for all subclasses except lignans and phenolic acids. To conclude, in participants with MetS, higher intake of several polyphenol subclasses was associated with a better profile of MetS components, especially HDL-c.

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article689
RevistaNutrients
Volum12
Número3
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de març 2020
Publicat externament

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