Purpose: Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction underlies the pathology of multiple disease conditions including cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Dysfunctional ECs have a distinctive gene expression profile compared to healthy ECs. RNAi therapy is a powerful therapeutic approach that can be used to silence multiple genes of interests simultaneously. However, the delivery of RNAi to ECs in vivo continues to be a major challenge. Here, we optimized a polymer formulation based on poly(β-amino ester)s (pBAEs) to deliver siRNA to vascular ECs. Methods: We developed a library of bioinspired oligopeptide-modified pBAE nanoparticles (NPs) with different physicochemical proprieties and screened them for cellular uptake and efficacy of RNAi delivery in vitro using ECs, vascular smooth muscle cells, and THP-1 monocytes. From the screening, the lysine-/histidine-oligopeptide modified pBAE (C6-KH) NP was selected and further tested ex vivo using mouse aorta and in mice to determine efficiency of siRNA delivery in vivo. Results: The in vitro screening study showed that C6-KH was most efficient in delivering siRNA to ECs. Ex vivo study showed that C6-KH nanoparticles containing siRNAs accumulated in the endothelial layer of mouse aortas. In vivo study showed that C6-KH nanoparticles carrying siICAM2 injected via tail-vein in mice significantly reduced ICAM2 level in the artery endothelium (55%), lung (52%), and kidney (31%), but not in the liver, heart, and thymus, indicating a tissue-specific delivery pattern. Conclusions: We demonstrate that C6-KH pBAE can used for delivery of siRNAs to the artery endothelium and lung, while minimizing potential side or toxic effects in the liver and heart.