Comparison of ligand-based and receptor-based virtual screening of HIV entry inhibitors for the CXCR4 and CCR5 receptors using 3D ligand shape matching and ligand-receptor docking

Violeta I. Përez-Nueno, David W. Ritchie, Obdulia Rabal, Rosalia Pascual, Jose I. Borrella, Jordi Teixidó

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Resum

HIV infection is initiated by fusion of the virus with the target cell through binding of the viral gp120 protein with the CD4 cell surface receptor protein and the CXCR4 or CCR5 co-receptors. There is currently considerable interest in developing novel ligands that can modulate the conformations of these co-receptors and, hence, ultimately block virus-cell fusion. This article describes a detailed comparison of the performance of receptor-based and ligand-based virtual screening approaches to find CXCR4 and CCR5 antagonists that could potentially serve as HIV entry inhibitors. Because no crystal structures for these proteins are available, homology models of CXCR4 and CCR5 have been built, using bovine rhodopsin as the template. For ligand-based virtual screening, several shape-based and property-based molecular comparison approaches have been compared, using high-affinity ligands as query molecules. These methods were compared by virtually screening a library assembled by us, consisting of 602 known CXCR4 and CCR5 inhibitors and some 4700 similar presumed inactive molecules. For each receptor, the library was queried using known binders, and the enrichment factors and diversity of the resulting virtual hit lists were analyzed. Overall, ligand-based shape-matching searches yielded higher enrichments than receptor-based docking, especially for CXCR4. The results obtained for CCR5 suggest the possibility that different active scaffolds bind in different ways within the CCR5 pocket.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)509-533
Nombre de pàgines25
RevistaJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Volum48
Número3
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de març 2008

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