Comparing Social Perceptions of Culturally Emic Protagonists Using the Stereotype Content Model A Scale Development and Adaption Process Across Four Languages and Eight Countries

Moritz Schemmerling, Maria Therese Friehs, Patrick F. Kotzur, Franco Bastias, Jonas De Keersmaecker, Francisco G. Macedo, Felix Neto, Joana Neto, Agnieszka Pietraszkiewicz, Katharina Schmid, Sabine Sczesny, Claudio Torres, Klaus Boehnke

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Resum

Cross-cultural comparisons are often based on a single itemset that is used in several cultures and languages being translated semantically correct. In contrast, a new, emic, approach measures the same construct with individually created items for each culture and language. To test this emic approach, the current paper used the stereotype content model (SCM) with its dimensions, warmth, and competence. It is used to compare perceptions of people, residing in different countries, speaking different languages. The current paper reports a study (N = 2,901) that tests whether an adapted scale allows reliable and structurally valid measurement and comparisons of culturally emic protagonists on SCM dimensions across four languages (English, German, Portuguese, Spanish) in eight countries (United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Portugal, Brazil, Spain, Argentina). The warmth dimension emerges as largely universal, but the competence dimension is a more culture-specific construct. Cross-cultural comparisons as to the competence dimension should be treated with care.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)350-362
Nombre de pàgines13
RevistaPsychological Test Adaptation and Development
Volum4
Número1
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de des. 2023

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