Cocreating value from open data: From incentivizing developers to inducing co-creation in open data ecosystems: Open innovation, ecosystems and entrepreneurship: Issues and perspectives

Esteve Almirall Mezquita, Sabine Brunswicker, Ann Majchrzak, Richard Tee

Producció científica: Capítol de llibreCapítol

Resum

Open governmental data available via platforms like data.gov have earned a place in the innovation agenda of governments and local authorities alike. To success- fully make use of these sources, governments around the world experiment with competitive virtual contests or challenges to ignite the creativity of developers and hackers and motivate them to turn this data into novel digital applications. However, such efforts don't seem to be sustainable. Applications developed in such contests regularly fail to ignite the continuous use by the end users. We argue that governments need to adopt an ecosystem perspective facilitating cocreation within the diverse open data innovation ecosystems of developers, producers, and users in order to foster the generativity needed for continuous value creation. However, various tensions among actors appear along the way. Taking a paradoxical view towards ecosystem tensions, we propose a socio-technical infrastructure that supports ecosystem generativity by addressing latent tensions in the "breeding zone" of an open data innovation. The infrastructure supports generative responses to these tensions in three ways: creating virtual trading zones, supporting the duality of stable and dynamic roles, and providing technological affordances for fluidity. This framework could set the stage for future research, encouraging system designers and policymakers to foster cocreation in open data innovation ecosystems.
Idioma originalAnglès
Títol de la publicacióOpen innovation, ecosystems and entrepreneurship: Issues and perspectives
Pàgines127-158
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de maig 2018

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