Circulating carotenoids are associated with favorable lipid and fatty acid profiles in an older population at high cardiovascular risk

María Marhuenda-Muñoz, Inés Domínguez-López, Klaus Langohr, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Miguel Ángel Martínez González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, María Dolores Zomeño, J. Alfredo Martínez, Angel M. Alonso-Gómez, Julia Wärnberg, Jesús Vioque, Dora Romaguera, José López-Miranda, Ramón Estruch, Francisco J. Tinahones, José Lapetra, Ll Serra-Majem, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Josep A. TurVicente Martín-Sánchez, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Pilar Matía-Martín, Josep Vidal, Clotilde Vázquez, Lidia Daimiel, Emilio Ros, Estefanía Toledo, María Fernández de la Puente Cervera, Rocío Barragán, Montse Fitó, Lucas Tojal-Sierra, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Juan Manuel Zazo, Marga Morey, Antonio García-Ríos, Rosa Casas, Ana M. Gómez-Pérez, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Zenaida Vázquez-Ruiz, Alessandro Atzeni, Eva M. Asensio, M. Mar Gili-Riu, Vanessa Bullon, Anai Moreno-Rodriguez, Oscar Lecea, Nancy Babio, Francesca Peñas Lopez, Guadalupe Gómez Melis, Rosa M. Lamuela-Raventós

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

1 Citació (Scopus)

Resum

Carotenoid intake has been reported to be associated with improved cardiovascular health, but there is little information on actual plasma concentrations of these compounds as biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk. The objective was to investigate the association between circulating plasma carotenoids and different cardiometabolic risk factors and the plasma fatty acid profile. This is a cross-sectional evaluation of baseline data conducted in a subcohort (106 women and 124 men) of an ongoing multi-factorial lifestyle trial for primary cardiovascular prevention. Plasma concentrations of carotenoids were quantified by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The associations between carotenoid concentrations and cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed using regression models adapted for interval-censored variables. Carotenoid concentrations were cross-sectionally inversely associated with serum triglyceride concentrations [−2.79 mg/dl (95% CI: −4.25, −1.34) and −5.15 mg/dl (95% CI: −7.38, −2.93), p-values = 0.0002 and <0.00001 in women and men, respectively], lower levels of plasma saturated fatty acids [−0.09% (95% CI: −0.14, −0.03) and −0.15 % (95% CI: −0.23, −0.08), p-values = 0.001 and 0.0001 in women and men, respectively], and higher levels of plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids [(0.12 % (95% CI: −0.01, 0.25) and 0.39 % (95% CI: 0.19, 0.59), p-values = 0.065 and 0.0001 in women and men, respectively] in the whole population. Plasma carotenoid concentrations were also associated with higher plasma HDL-cholesterol in women [0.47 mg/dl (95% CI: 0.23, 0.72), p-value: 0.0002], and lower fasting plasma glucose in men [−1.35 mg/dl (95% CI: −2.12, −0.59), p-value: 0.001].

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article967967
RevistaFrontiers in Nutrition
Volum9
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 29 de set. 2022

Fingerprint

Navegar pels temes de recerca de 'Circulating carotenoids are associated with favorable lipid and fatty acid profiles in an older population at high cardiovascular risk'. Junts formen un fingerprint únic.

Com citar-ho