C-reactive protein isoforms differentially affect outer blood-retinal barrier integrity and function

Blanca Molins, Anna Pascual, Méndez, Victor Llorenç, Javier Zarranz-Ventura, Marina Mesquida, Alfredo Adán, Jordi Martorell

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Resum

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) forms the outer blood-retinal barrier (oBRB) and is the prime target of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). C-reactive protein (CRP), a serum biomarker for chronic inflammation and AMD, presents two different isoforms, monomeric (mCRP) and pentameric (pCRP), that may have a different effect on inflammation and barrier function in the RPE. The results reported in this study suggest that mCRP but not pCRP impairs RPE functionality by increasing paracellular permeability and disrupting the tight junction proteins ZO-1 and occludin in RPE cells. Additionally, we evaluated the effect of drugs commonly used in clinical settings on mCRP-induced barrier dysfunction. We found that a corticosteroid (methyl-prednisolone) and an anti-VEGF agent (bevacizumab) prevented mCRP-induced ARPE-19 barrier disruption and IL-8 production. Furthermore, bevacizumab was also able to revert mCRP-induced IL-8 increase after mCRP stimulation. In conclusion, the presence of mCRP within retinal tissue may lead to disruption of the oBRB, an effect that may be modified in the presence of corticosteroids or anti-VEGF drugs.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)C244-C253
RevistaAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volum312
Número3
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de març 2017

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