Automated tobacco grading using image processing techniques and a convolutional neural network

Charlie S. Marzan, Conrado R. Ruiz

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

10 Cites (Scopus)


Tobacco grading is very important for crop market price determination. It is beneficial for graders who need to manually classify tobacco leaves according to their grades. As such, a grading system using image processing techniques and a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is proposed in this study which aims to surpass existing results in tobacco grading. The system consists of image acquisition, pre-processing, leaf detection, segmentation, and classification. Tobacco leaf images were directly taken at the tobacco grading room and pre-processed for subsequent tasks. Through a Haar cascade classifier and applying image processing techniques, air-cured tobacco leaves are automatically detected and extracted in images. This method produced satisfactory results as it can successfully detect single and multiple tobacco leaves taken under different positions and scale. All detected tobacco leaves underwent various image processing to precisely segment leaves from the rest of the image. The experimental results also reveal that using segmented and nonsegmented images, CNN classifier can effectively grade tobacco leaves as high as 96.25% accuracy rate and on average, took 7.43 ms to classify a single tobacco leaf. This approach outperforms current methods in grading tobacco leaves.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)807-813
Nombre de pàgines7
RevistaInternational Journal of Machine Learning and Computing
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2019
Publicat externament


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