Assessing the pharmaceutical residues as hotspots of the main rivers of Catalonia, Spain

Pol Domínguez-García, Laura Fernández-Ruano, Judith Báguena, Jordi Cuadros, Cristian Gómez-Canela

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

Resum

The global increase in pharmaceutical consumption, driven by factors such as aging populations and chronic diseases, has raised concerns regarding the environmental impact of pharmaceutical contaminants. Europe, and more specifically Catalonia (Spain), exhibits high pharmaceutical consumption rates, potentially exacerbating environmental contamination. Pharmaceuticals enter rivers through various pathways, persisting after wastewater treatment plants and posing risks to aquatic organisms and human health. Llobregat and Besòs Rivers in Catalonia, crucial water sources, demonstrate detectable pharmaceutical levels, necessitating comprehensive analysis. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) proves effective in detecting pharmaceutical residues, facilitating their risk assessment. This paper reviews the occurrence, fate, and risks associated with 78 pharmaceuticals and metabolite in Llobregat and Besòs Rivers, using LC–MS/MS for analysis. Understanding pharmaceutical impacts on Catalonian River ecosystems is essential for developing mitigation strategies.

Idioma originalAnglès
RevistaEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióAcceptada/en premsa - 2024

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