Anxious adult attachment may mediate the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and borderline personality disorder

Alvaro Frias, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Laura Gonzalez, Anna Horta

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

18 Cites (Scopus)

Resum

Background: Childhood trauma has been associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, research has not yet provided conclusive evidence concerning the mediating mechanisms. Methods: Seventy women diagnosed with BPD were compared with other 60 women who met DSM-IV criteria for other personality disorders on measures of childhood trauma and attachment. Results: Patients with BPD reported higher severity of emotional, physical and sexual abuse than patients with other personality disorders. Moreover, BPD patients also showed greater preoccupied–anxious adult attachment. At model 1, logistic regression analysis revealed that only childhood emotional abuse predicted the occurrence of BPD. At model 2, this association was no longer significant, and the addition of preoccupied–anxious adult attachment was significantly associated with a greater likelihood of BPD diagnosis. Conclusions: These findings support a specific relationship between childhood emotional abuse and the occurrence of BPD, which may be accounted for by preoccupied–anxious adult attachment.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)274-284
Nombre de pàgines11
RevistaPersonality and Mental Health
Volum10
Número4
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de nov. 2016
Publicat externament

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