A comparison of integrated filtering and prediction methods for smart grids

Emmanuel Escobar-Avalos, Martín A. Rodríguez-Licea, Horacio Rostro-González, Allan G. Soriano-Sánchez, Francisco J. Pérez-Pinal

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The intelligent use of green and renewable energies requires reliable and preferably anticipated information regarding their availability and the behavior of meteorological variables in a scenario of natural intermittency. Examples of this are the smart grids, which can incorporate, among others, a charging system for electric vehicles and modern and predictive management techniques. However, some issues associated with such procedures are data captured by sensors and transducers with noise in their signals and low information repeatability under the same reading conditions. To tackle such problems, numerous filtering and data fitting techniques and various prediction methods have been developed, but an appropriate selection can be cumbersome. Also, some filtering techniques, such as RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) appear not to have been used in prediction scenarios for smart grids, to the authors’ knowledge. In this regard, this paper aims to present a comparison in terms of average error, determination coefficient, and cross validation that can be expected under prediction schemes as Multiple Linear Regression, Vector Support Machines and a Multilayer Perceptron Regression Neural Network (MLPRNN), with filtering/scaling methods such as Maximum and Minimum, L2 Norm, Standard Scale, and RANSAC. Cross validation allows to flag problems like overfitting or selection bias, and this comparison is another novelty for smart grid scenarios, to the authors’ knowledge. Although many combinations were analyzed, RANSAC, with L2 Norm filtering and an MLPRNN for prediction, generate the best results. RANSAC algorithm with L2 Norm is a novelty for filtering and predicting in smart grids, and through an MLPRNN, the R2 error can be reduced to 0.8843, the MSE to 0.8960, and the cross validation accuracy can be increased to 0.44 (±0.2).

Idioma originalAnglès
Número d’article1980
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 d’abr. 2021
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