A comparison of European countries FBDG in the light of their contribution to tackle diet-related health inequalities

Elena Carrillo-Álvarez, Hilde Boeckx, Tess Penne, Imma Palma Linares, Berénice Storms, Tim Goedemé

Producció científica: Article en revista indexadaArticleAvaluat per experts

3 Cites (Scopus)


Background: The purpose of this article is to report on a comparative analysis of the official food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) that were applicable in 2015 in 25 EU Member States. We assess FBDG in relation to the main guidelines established by the FAO/WHO, the EURODIET project and the EFSA, with a particular focus on identifying strengths and limitations of current FBDG in Europe towards addressing diet-related health inequalities. 

Methods: This is a review research, in which a mixed-methods sequenced procedure was utilized. In each EU country key informants, including sociologists, economists, dietitians and nutritionists were asked to provide data regarding: (i) current dietary guidelines and national health priorities, (ii) model of health promotion currently available, (iii) results of the latest food consumption survey. All documents were reviewed by the coordinating team. Full data were analysed by two nutritionists, using a tabulated sheet to organize and compare the results. Results: While all countries have national FBDG, the level of detail and quality varies substantially with regard to: Time of last update; availability of recommendations for specific target groups; specification of frequency and portion size; the graphical representation; recommended amounts and limits of foods consumed; and recommendations regarding physical activity. 

Conclusions: European countries have great opportunities to improve FBDG to better serve Public Health policy through a more consistent foundation of how these guidelines are developed, the inclusion of different population subgroups as a target for recommendations and the implementation of monitoring systems.

Idioma originalAnglès
Pàgines (de-a)346-353
Nombre de pàgines8
RevistaEuropean Journal of Public Health
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - d’abr. 2020


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